Science is more than just what we know and have already observed.
Ideas based on observations are inferences. Making informed inferences about what may happen is an important part of science.
Some inferences turn out to be correct, some others end up being wrong. Inferences do not need to be true, but they do need to be based on observations.
Let’s take a look at some observations and inferences:
|Carlos is wearing orange shoes, an orange watch, and an orange bag.||Carlos’ favorite color is orange.|
|The kitchen smells like fresh bread and there are bags of flour on the table.||Someone is baking bread.|
|Maria is wearing a NY jersey while watching the NY football game.||Maria’s favorite football team is NY.|
|Aki always has tuna sandwiches for lunch.||Tuna is one of Aki’s favorite foods.|