Plants need multiple elemental nutrients to grow. Plants get these nutrients through the water absorbed by its roots.
The most essential nutrient elements are called macronutrients and they include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium.
These nutrients provide important functions (jobs) for the plant. The chart below names the nutrient and the important function of that nutrient for a plant.
|Nitrogen (N)||To form chlorophyll, compound needed for photosynthesis
To form amino acids, the building blocks of proteins
|Phosphorus (P)||To help the plant convert other nutrients into a usable form and help use and store energy for the plant|
|Potassium (K)||To move water, nutrients and carbohydrates in the plant|
|Magnesium (Mg)||To store chlorophyll for the plant|